First Aid and CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) are two important medical procedures that everyone should know about as these two can help in life-and death-situations, but knowing how to perform these emergency procedures isn’t just enough.
Knowing and understanding the difference between CPR and First Aid is essential because they are two distinct emergency response procedures that need to be immediately and correctly performed in an emergency situation.
While both are life-saving techniques, Providing CPR in a situation where it is not necessary could actually cause more harm and potentially worsen the individual’s condition. Therefore, understanding the differences between CPR and First Aid is crucial to provide the appropriate care in an emergency, potentially saving someone’s life.
First Aid is a broader set of procedures for treating injuries, illnesses, and other medical emergencies. It is composed of quick and temporary medical assistance provided to a person who has been injured or has fallen ill. It can also be combined with various techniques, procedures, and actions that are used to provide immediate relief and help stabilize the person’s condition until professional medical help arrives.
To provide First Aid is not only required in emergency and accident situations where a person needs immediate medical attention but also in daily life situations such as minor cuts, burns, and bruises. It is essential to have a basic understanding of First Aid techniques as it can be helpful in maintaining a safe and healthy environment, such as in the workplace, schools, and public places, where accidents and injuries can occur.
First Aid aims to provide immediate medical assistance and effective & efficient care to an injured person. As mentioned, First Aid can be a set of immediate and effective medical procedures that follow specific principles, and these principles are all aimed at preserving life and promoting recovery.
- To protect the unconscious
- To prevent the condition worsening
- To promote recovery
- To seek medical assistance
Assessing the situation, calling for emergency medical assistance, and providing basic life support techniques if necessary can stabilize conditions and prevent deaths.
3. Prevent the condition worsening
Ensuring the patient’s safety and taking accurate and necessary steps to prevent any additional injuries or worsening conditions can actually minimize the severity of the injury or illness.
Appropriate care that meets the patient’s needs based on their condition should be provided to minimize the long-term effects of an injury and improve the chances of survival.
First Aid is emergency care given to an injured or ill casualty before medical assistance arrives.
Medical assistance would be:
To provide First Aid, you need to be familiar with the basic principles of First Aid and know what to do in an emergency situation. You can enrol in First Aid courses near you to learn more about First Aid basics and DRSABCD method that should be followed and performed in order.
Remember you must be qualified to render first aid. If you are not do what you can and call for assistance.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or also known as CPR is a life-saving medical procedure specifically used to revive a person’s heart function and breathing. CPR is performed in cases where a person’s pulse cannot be detected and they are not taking breaths on their own. This vital technique is specifically designed to make all the difference between life and death for those affected.
There are three basic parts of CPR and these are all essential in providing immediate and effective medical assistance to a person experiencing cardiac arrest which potentially can save a life.
Danger refers to risks and hazards that may present a danger to the casualty and or the first aider, and possibly others as well. For example, if a casualty is lying in water near an electrical board, it should be assumed that there may be an electrical hazard.
The response is in trying to gain a response from the casualty firstly to see if they are conscious and aware and if so to seek the history, signs, and symptoms which will allow us to determine the best strategies for the provision of first aid.
The airway takes precedence over other injuries as without oxygen brain damage or death will result very quickly. While undertaking a primary survey if the casualty is not breathing the airway will need to be checked for obstruction and clear the airway ASAP.
If the casualty is not breathing it may be due to an airway obstruction or it may be that the casualty has stopped breathing for another reason such as drowning, or cardiac arrest which will be dealt with in the next section. Remember when an unconscious person is lying on their back their airway can become blocked or obstructed, so a breathing casualty should be placed in the lateral position.
The airway should be checked with the casualty’s head in the neutral position (no head tilt). Open the mouth and look inside for any obvious obstruction. If found to be obstructed, the casualty should be placed in the lateral position also known as the recovery position to drain or clear.
The early use of an AED (automated external defibrillator) has saved numerous lives as it can deliver an electrical shock to restart the heart, can guide the first aider on when and if CPR is needed, and can monitor the condition of the casualty after CPR.
Providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that is used to revive a person’s heart that has stopped beating or is not functioning properly.
CPR should also be used as soon as possible when a person is experiencing cardiac arrest. It is a crucial procedure to start immediately, ideally within the first few minutes in cases of cardiac arrest as the chances of survival decrease with each passing minute.
It is very important to seek proper training and certification in CPR to ensure that the technique is performed correctly and effectively.
While both CPR and First Aid are important medical procedures, there are several key differences between the two.
The main difference between CPR and first aid lies in the level of training required. CPR is a more advanced technique that requires specific training and certification to perform correctly while first aid can be learned through basic training courses that are widely available.
Another key difference between CPR and first aid is their coverage. CPR is primarily used for reviving a person whose heart has stopped beating. First aid, on the other hand, covers a wide range of medical emergencies, including cuts, burns, broken bones, and other injuries.
CPR is generally performed on a person who is unresponsive and not breathing, while first aid techniques can be applied to a variety of conditions, including injuries, illnesses, and even environmental emergencies such as heat stroke or hypothermia.
CPR and first aid procedures also differ significantly. CPR involves chest compressions and rescue breaths, while first aid techniques may involve wound care, immobilization of fractures, or the application of heat or cold to an affected area.
The objectives of CPR and first aid is really different as the primary objective of CPR is to restore blood flow and oxygenation to vital organs, while the goal of first aid is to stabilize a person’s condition until they can receive proper medical attention.
In conclusion, it is vital to understand the basic difference between CPR and First Aid as this will either help or harm a person if not used with proper caution.
Basically, first aid techniques aim to prevent further harm to an injured or ill person and it has wider coverage of procedures. However, CPR is specifically intended to keep a person alive until emergency medical help arrives.
Though these 2 have great differences in terms of their procedure and when to use, both CPR and First Aid have the same goal in any crucial situation, and this to help save a person’s life.
To be prepared in case of any emergency, we highly recommend enrolling to a CPR and First Aid courses. Upskills QLD is your best choice when it comes to training and we have trained people from civil construction and traffic management to cpr, first aid, and many more.
If you want to be trained and certified by our passionate instructors, enroll with us today!